Optometry and ophthalmology mcq part: 09

Optometry and ophthalmology mcq part: 09

Optometry and ophthalmology mcq part: 09

01. Hypopyon is seen in

  1. A. Bacterial Corneal ulcer
  2. B. Fungal Corneal ulcer
  3. C. Viral Corneal ulcer
  4. D. A&B✓

02. Anterior uveitis include all except

  1. A. Iritis
  2. B. Iridocyclitis
  3. C. Anterior cyclitis
  4. D. Pars planitis✓

03. Abnormally eccentric placed pupil is known as

  1. A. Iredermia
  2. B. Corectopia✓
  3. C. Heterochromia
  4. D. Polycoria

04. Watery discharge is seen in which conjunctivitis

  1. A. Bacterial
  2. B. Viral✓
  3. C. Chlamydial
  4. D. All

05. HSV can be associated with :

  1. A. Keratitis
  2. B. Uveitis
  3. C. Retinitis
  4. D. All the above✓

06. Upperr eye lid retraction is typically a sign of:

  1. a. entropion
  2. b. Ptosis
  3. c. orbital fracture
  4. d. thyroid eye disease✓

07. Ankyloblepharon is

  1. A. Adhesion of both lid margin✓
  2. B. Adhesion of palpebral conjunctiva and bulbar conjunctiva
  3. C. Double row of lashes
  4. D. None

08. Iridis circulus major is situated at

  1. A. Pupil
  2. B. Ciliary body
  3. C. Root of iris✓
  4. D. Collarette

Each of the two long ciliary arteries, having reached the attached margin of the iris, divides into an upper and lower branch; these anastomose with corresponding branches from the opposite side and thus encircle the iris; into this vascular circle (Major circulus arteriosus of iris) the anterior ciliary arteries pour their blood, and from it vessels converge to the free margin of the iris, and there communicate and form a second circle (Minor circulus arteriosus of iris).

09. Substance deposited in Band Shaped Keratopathy is?

  1. A. calcium phosphate✓
  2. B. magnesium phosphate
  3. C. magnesium sulphate
  4. D. Iron

10. Corneal nerves are not enlarged in

  1. A.Keratoconus
  2. B. Leprosy
  3. C. Herpes simplex keratitis✓
  4. D. Neurofibromatosis

11. False about Bitot spots is?

  1. A. accumulation of keratinized epithelial debris
  2. B. appear on the conjunctiva
  3. C. appear on the cornea✓
  4. D. develop into xerophthalmia if not treated

12. Poliosis is

  1. A. Double row of lashes
  2. B. Multiple row of lashes
  3. C. Whitening of lashes✓
  4. D. Absence of lashes

Note: Other disorders of Lashes
  • Hypertrichosis-overgrowth of the lashes
  • Hypotrichosis-lack or absence of the lashes
  • Distichiasis-double row of lashes

13. Inversion of the lid margin

  1. A. Entropion✓
  2. B. Ectropion
  3. C. Trichiasis
  4. D. Ptosis

14. Which of the following entropion type is usually a temporary condition

  1. A. Senile
  2. B. Mechanical
  3. C. Cicatricial
  4. D. Acute spastic✓

Acute spastic is caused by spasm of the orbicularis muscle seen in chronic
corneal irritation, prolonged bandaging or essential blepharospasm. It involves
mostly the lower lid and is usually a temporary condition

15. Hyperemia is minimal at

  1. A. Palpebral conjunctiva
  2. B. Limbus✓
  3. C. Fornices
  4. D. Equal everywhere

16. Crede‘s method is used in treating

  1. A. Follicular conjunctivitis
  2. B. Ophthalmia neonatorum✓
  3. C. Membranous conjunctivitis
  4. D. Trachoma

17. Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) is caused by

  1. A. Fungus
  2. B. Adenovirus✓
  3. C. Chlamydia
  4. D. Allergies

19. Common causitive organism of Acute serpiginous ulcer (Ulcus serpens)

  1. A. Staphylococcus
  2. B. Enterococcus
  3. C. Gonococcus
  4. D. Pneumococci✓

Another name of Pneumococci is Streptococcus pneumoniae

21. Most common type cataract in adults

  1. A. Nuclear
  2. B. Cortical✓
  3. C. Zonular
  4. D. Morgagnian

Approximately 70% cortical, 25% nuclear, 5% posterior subcapsular.

22. Most common congenital or developmental cataract

  1. A. Lamellar
  2. B. Blue Dot✓
  3. C. Total nuclear
  4. D. Rubella cataract

Lamellar is also known as Zonular cataract

23. Most common congenital or developmental cataract presenting with vision impairment

  1. A. Blue Dot
  2. B. Coronary
  3. C. Lamellar✓
  4. D. Total nuclear

24. Zonular cataract got the name because

  1. A. It involves Zonules of Zinn
  2. B. It involves different zones of lens✓
  3. C. It involves nucleus of lens
  4. D. It is bilateral

25. Refractive error associated with Nuclear cataract

  1. A. Hypermetropia
  2. B. Myopia✓
  3. C. Astigmatism
  4. D. Presbyopia

26. Pigment accumulate in nuclear cataract

  1. A. Visual pigment
  2. B. Melanin
  3. C. Adinochrome
  4. D. Urochrome

27. In old age "second sight phenomenon" occur due to

  1. A. Cataract surgery
  2. B. Presbyopia
  3. C. Cortical cataract
  4. D. Nuclear cataract✓

Early nuclear cataract lead to myopia, and presbyopia patients may say the near vision is improved. This is known as second sight.

28. Iris shadow is seen in which stage of cortical cataract

  1. A. Incipient stage
  2. B. Hyper mature stage
  3. C. Mature stage
  4. D. Immature stage✓

29. Sunset syndrome is due to

  1. A. Night blindness
  2. B. Immature cataract
  3. C. Subluxated cataractous lens
  4. D. Subluxated IOL✓

30. In bipolar cataract

  1. A. Both eye anterior polar cataract
  2. B. Both eye posterior polar cataract
  3. C. One eye anterior polar and other eye posterior polar
  4. D. Anterior and posterior polar in same eye✓

31. In intra capsular cataract extraction, which part of the capsule is left behind

  1. A. Anterior
  2. B. Posterior
  3. C. Both
  4. D. None✓

32. Chlorpromazine-induced cataract is

  1. A. Anterior polar
  2. B. Posterior polar
  3. C. Anterior subcapsular✓
  4. D. Posterior subcapsular

33. Cataract associated with long-term use of miotics

  1. A. Anterior polar
  2. B. Posterior polar
  3. C. Anterior subcapsular✓
  4. D. Posterior subcapsular

Anterior subcapsular granular type of cataract may be associated with long-term use of miotics, particularly long acting cholinesterase inhibitors such as echothiophate, demecarium bromide, disopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP). Removal of the drug may stop progression and occasionally may cause reversal of cataract.

34. All are causes of posterior subcapsular cataract except

  1. A. Complicated cataract
  2. B. Steroid induced cataract
  3. C. Chlorpromazine cataract✓
  4. D. Traumatic cataract

35. Choice of treatment for aphakia

  1. A. Spectacle
  2. B. Contact lens
  3. C. IOL implantation✓
  4. D. LASIK

36. Phacotopic glaucoma occur due to

  1. A. Swollen cataractous lens
  2. B. Leakage of lens protein
  3. C. Subluxated or dislocated hypermature lens✓
  4. D. Rupture of posterior capsule in ECCE

Swollen lens- phacomorphic glaucoma Leakage of lens protein- phacolytic glaucoma

37. Retinal detachment is more common after

  1. A. ICCE✓
  2. B. ECCE
  3. C. SICS
  4. D. MICS

38. After cataract will not occur in

  1. A. ICCE✓
  2. B. ECCE
  3. C. SICS
  4. D. MICS

39. Post operative astigmatism is more after

  1. A. ICCE✓
  2. B. ECCE
  3. C. SICS
  4. D. MICS

40. Post operative astigmatism is more commonly

  1. A. With the rule
  2. B. Against the rule✓
  3. C. Oblique
  4. D. Biobliqe

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