Optometry and ophthalmology mcq part10

Optometry and ophthalmology mcq

Optometry and ophthalmology mcq

01. Ring of Sommerring is a type of

  1. a. congenital cataract
  2. b. complicated cataract
  3. c. after cataract✓
  4. d. traumatic cataract

02. Rosette-shaped cataract is a feature of

  1. a. traumatic cataract✓
  2. b. diabetic cataract
  3. c. coronary cataract
  4. d. complicated cataract

03. Snow flakes cataract is found in cases with

  1. a. gout
  2. b. rheumatoid arthritis
  3. c. diabetes mellitus✓
  4. d. hypothyroidism

04. Second sight is seen in

  1. a. Aphakia
  2. b. After cataract
  3. c. Senile Nuclear cataract✓
  4. d. Senile Cortical cataract

05. Immature Nuclear cataract changes the refraction of the eye into

  1. a. Myopia✓
  2. b. Hypermetropia
  3. c. Astigmatism
  4. d. No change

06. The type of laser used to treat Posterior capsule opacification

  1. A)Yag laser✓
  2. B)Argon laser
  3. C)Diode laser
  4. D)Excimer laser

07. Most common cause of dimintion of vision after ECCE is

  1. a) Cystoid macular edema
  2. b) Posterior capsule opacification✓
  3. c) Corneal decompansation
  4. d) Retinal detachment

08. Sun-set syndrome occurs due to

  1. A) inferior subluxation of IOL✓
  2. B) Nuclear cataract
  3. C) dislocation of IOL into vitreous
  4. D) Lenticular sclerosis

09. Fincham's test differentiates cataract from:

  1. A) Retinal detachment
  2. B) uveitis
  3. C) glaucoma✓
  4. D) diabetic retinopathy

10. Which of the following conditions can cause uniocular diplopia

  1. A) subluxation of IOL
  2. B) incipient cataract
  3. C) keratoconus
  4. D) all the above✓

11. All are causes of Inherited Ectopia Lentis except

  1. A. Marfan’s syndrome
  2. B. Weill-Marchesani syndrome
  3. C. Homocystinuria
  4. D. Hypermature cataract✓

12. Subluxated lens without vitreous involvement is removed by

  1. A. ECCE
  2. B. ICCE
  3. C. Phacoemulsification
  4. D. All

13. Cryoextraction of cataract is done in

  1. A. ECCE
  2. B. ICCE
  3. C. Phacoemulsification
  4. D. All

14. All are features of nuclear sclerosis except

  1. A. Painless progressive loss of vision
  2. B. Grey lens
  3. C. Presence of iris shadow✓
  4. D. Vision usually improves on pin-hole

15. Radiation Cataract may occur due to exposure to

  1. A. Infrared
  2. B. X ray
  3. C. Ultraviolet
  4. D. All ✓

16. Lamellar cataract is a type of

  1. A. Acquired cataract
  2. B. Developmental cataract✓
  3. C. Traumatic cataract
  4. D. Secondary cataract

17. The glucose metabolism in the lens is mainly by

  1. A. Glycolytic pathway✓
  2. B. Pentose, Hexose, Monophosphate (HMP) shunt
  3. C. Kreb’s citric acid cycle
  4. D. Sorbitol pathway

All are glucose metabolism pathways, 80% of glucose metabolism in the lens is by Glycolytic pathway.

18. The crystalline lens gets its nutrition mainly through

  1. A. Aqueous humour✓
  2. B. Vitreous humour
  3. C. Tears
  4. D. Atmosphere

19. Rosette cataract in seen due to

  1. a. Trauma✓
  2. b. Cu-foreign body
  3. c. Diabetes
  4. d. Hyperparathyroidism

20. Which is not associated with zonular cataract

  1. a. Diabetes✓
  2. b. Intrauterine growth restriction
  3. c. Rickets
  4. d. Dental abnormalities

21. Uniocular polyopia is seen in which stage of cataract

  1. a. Intumescent
  2. b. Mature
  3. c. Hypermature
  4. d. Incipient✓

22. In complicated cataract, the following part of the lens is involved

  1. a. Anterior capsule
  2. b. Nucleus
  3. c. Posterior capsule✓
  4. d. All of the above

When posterior part of lens capsule is affected following changesoccur:
Bread-crumb opacities, Polychromatic lustre, Chalky white opacity of lens

23. Oil drop cataract is seen in

  1. a. Hunters syndrome
  2. b. Galactosemia✓
  3. c. Steroid therapy
  4. d. Rubella

24. Most common type of cataract due to exposure to radiation is

  1. a. Posterior subcapsular✓
  2. b. Anterior subcapsular
  3. c. Total cataract
  4. d. Nuclear cataract

25. Vossius ring is seen on

  1. a. Anterior capsule✓
  2. b. Posterior capsule
  3. c. Nucleus
  4. d. Cortex

26. Most common complication of ECCE is :

  1. a. Retinal detachment
  2. b. PCO✓
  3. c. Vitreous Haemorrhage
  4. d. None

27. IOL commonly used in ECCE

  1. a. Iris fixed
  2. b. ACIOL
  3. c. PCIOL✓
  4. d. Angle support

28. Unilateral aphakia is corrected by any of the following except:

  1. a. ACIOL
  2. b. PCIOL
  3. c. Contact tens
  4. d. Glasses

29. Ideal site for IOL implantation

  1. a. Anterior chamber
  2. b. Endosulcus
  3. c. Ciliary supported
  4. d. Capsular bag✓

30. Phakolytic glaucoma is best treated by:

  1. a. Peripheral iridectomy
  2. b. Cataract extraction✓
  3. c. Trabeculectomy
  4. d. Miotics and Beta blockers

31. Most common cause of acquiredcataract

  1. A. Hereditary
  2. B. Diabetics
  3. C. Smoking
  4. D. Ageing✓

Exposure to UV light plays a vital role in cataract formation in adults.

32. Clinical assessment of cataract progression is done mainly using

  1. A. Visual acuity test✓
  2. B. Contrast sensitivity tests
  3. C. Ophthalmoscopy
  4. D. Perimetry

33. Examination of lens is mainly done using

  1. A. Slit lamp✓
  2. B. Ophthalmoscope
  3. C. Retinoscpe
  4. D. Gonioscope

34. In phacoemulsification incision is usually

  1. A. <3mm✓
  2. B. >3mm
  3. C. 6mm
  4. D. 10mm

35. Main cause of painless progressive loss of vision in adults

  1. A. Cataract✓
  2. B. Open angle glaucoma
  3. C. ARMD
  4. D. Progressive myopia

36. The Mydriasis Provocative Test is a test for which glaucoma

  1. A. POAG
  2. B. PACG✓
  3. C. NTG
  4. D. All

Mydriatic provocative test is usually not preferred nowadays because this is not physiological. In this test either a weak mydriatic or simultaneously a mydriatic and miotic (10% phenylephrine and 2% pilocarpine) are used to produce a mid-dilated pupil. A pressure rise of more than 8 mm Hg is considered positive.

37. Dark room test is a provocative test for

  1. A. POAG
  2. B. PACG✓
  3. C. NTG
  4. D. None

In Darkroom test IOP is recorded and patient is made to lie prone in a darkroom for 1 hour. Patient should must remain awake so that pupils remain dilated. After 1 hour, the IOP is again measured. An increase in IOP of more than 8 mm Hg is considered diagnostic of PACG suspect.

38. Mydriatics are contraindicated if the anterior chamber is

  1. a. Deep
  2. b. Shallow✓
  3. c. Normal
  4. d. Irregular
This is because of the risk of angle closure glaucoma.

39. Pachymetry is done in

  1. a. Glaucoma
  2. b. Fuch's distrophy
  3. c. Before LASIK
  4. d. All✓

pachymetery is the measurement of thickness of cornea Pachymetery is important in Keratoconus screening, IOP measurements, before surgeries like LASIK, Limbal Relaxing Incisions (LRI) 

40. Treatment of choice for the other eye in primary narrow angle glaucoma is

  1. A. Trabeculectomy
  2. B. Laser iridotomy✓
  3. C. Laser trabeculoplasty
  4. D. Iridectomy

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